Geography of BahraichBahraich, an ancient city which has got significant historical importance, is located in the state of Uttar Pradesh at approximately 125 kilometers from Lucknow, its capital city. This city is on the banks of river Sarayu, which is a tributary of Ghaghra. Bahraich was named Brahmaich earlier with regards to a story related to Lord Brahma on its origin. Bahraich is a region which shares international boundaries with Nepal. And it has local boundaries with the towns of Sitapur, Barabanki, Lakhimpur, Gonda and Balrampur. The official languages in this region are Urdu and Hindi. Muslims are majority in this city followed by Hindus.
Population of BahraichAs per 2011 census, the city had a population of 186,223. Out of this 97,653 are males and 88,570 are females and the sex ratio is 907/ 1000 males. Population density is 7800/km2. The literacy rate in Bahraich is 64.20 percent. The district of Bahraich had a population of 3,487,731 and out of this 1,843,884 is male population and 1,643,847 are females.
Geographical Location of BahraichBahraich is located at an elevation of 126 meters at 27.58oN 81.6oE.
Climate of BahraichBahraich is a region which has extreme climatic variations throughout the year. Though generally the district is hot and humid, temperature can vary between 44oC and 5oc. January is the coldest month and may is the hottest month of the year in Bahraich. July is the month in which it receives most of the rainfall. The region has got most clear whether during the months of September and October. The average rainfall is 1125 mm.
River Sarayu in BahraichBahraich is situated on the banks of this river, which has origins in the Himalayas. It is a tributary of the Ganges. However, Sarayu forms at the convergence of Ghaghara and Mahakali in Bahraich and it flows through Uttar Pradesh and Uttarkhand. It has a length of 350 kilometers and source elevation of 4150 meters. The basin area of this river is in Eastern Kumaon – Western Nepal. Sarayu has significance from the ancient times and it has been mentioned in the Vedas and Ramayana. Thousands of devotees take holy dip in the Sarayu river on the auspicious day of Rama Navami, the day Lord Rama was born.
Type of Soil in BahraichEspecially being situated on the banks of the River Sarayu which originates from Himalayas, the soil in Bahraich is very fertile. The main occupation of the people in Bahraich is agriculture and it was one of the most noted markets during the British period. The land is green throughout the district. Domat, Light Domat, Matiyar and Balui are the major types of soil in Bahraich.
Land WaterMajority of the land water is from the rivers Sarayu, Rapti, Kautilya and Ghaghra. Besides these ever flowing rivers there are various lakes and ponds as well in Bahraich.
Ground WaterDue to the abundant water resources, the level of ground water in Bahraich is sufficiently high. Water can be normally found at a depth of 60 to 70 feet.
Forest WealthDense forest areas are one of the specialties of Bahraich. According to 2010-2011 data, Bahraich has 67926 hectares of forest cover and this constitutes 13.97% of the total area of the district. Teak, Shisham, Eucalyptus and Khair are the trees which are abundantly found here. These woods are ideal for making furniture and building work and, hence, many factories for cutting and transporting wood is located in and around the region. Guava and Mango are the major fruit trees found in this district in abundance.
Bahraich Facts and FiguresGeographical Area: 4696.8 km2
Altitude: 126 meters above sea level
Latitude and Longitude: 27.58o N 81.6oE
Languages: Hindi, Urdu
Religions: Islam, Hinduism, Christianity, Sikhism, Jainism, Buddhism
Best time to visit: Between August and October
STD Code: 05252